Today i was trying to Import Active Directory Module while working with Powershell and i got the below error
“Error initializing default drive: ‘Unable to find a default server with Active Directory Web Services running”
so what is Active Directory Web Services ?
Active Directory Web Services ADWS is a new service in Windows Server 2008 R2 also known as Active Directory Management Gateway Service in Windows Server 2008 SP2 , Windows Server 2003 and Windows Server 2003 R2.
ADWS provides a web interface to interact with active directory, with this service stopped or not installed some applications won’t be able to access any AD instance on that server, like in our case here when we are trying to import Active Directory module for windows PowerShell
Having that information now , i went to check the ADWS in the services console, and it was stopped
Started the Service and tried to import the AD module again , and it worked fine
One last thing to mention here, ADWS is automatically installed if you promote a Windows Server 2008 R2 to a Domain Controller , or when you install AD DS or AD LDS Server Roles
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